|South: Regions 1 to 8||Central: Regions 9 to 12||North: Regions 13 and 14|
|Early Breeding||Last Migration||Late Breeding||Early Breeding||Last Migration||Late Breeding||Early Breeding||Last Migration||Late Breeding|
Areas of habitat suitable for breeding sites must be greater than 150 hectares for Sprague’s Pipits. Habitats become unsuitable for breeding where livestock activity is intense, when native habitat is harvested as hay, when fires are suppressed, or when native grasslands become fragmented by human activities.
Sprague’s Pipit nest on the ground. The nest is very well concealed among tall grasses.
Native grassland is an important habitat for Sprague’s Pipits; however they are sometiems found in tame pasture or in areas where native grasses have been replaced with introduced forages. In general, pipits prefer native vegetation of intermediate height and density, with moderate amounts of litter. Such areas tend to occur where habitats are lightly to moderately grazed, or where fires periodically remove vegetation.
In Manitoba, they formerly occurred east to the edge of the boreal forest but have apparently lost much of their former range. Currently occupied areas include:
-from COSEWIC and The Birds of Manitoba (p. 311)
Species Code: SPPI
COSEWIC status: Threatened ; details...
Manitoba ESA: Threatened